Diabetes Facts and Tips : causes and prevention of diabetes
Diabetes is a very common and dangerous disease. One in every five people in India is diabetes. Today, we will try to know about this disease in detail.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a disease in which the amount of glucose (blood sugar level) in the patient’s blood is higher than the requirement. It may be due to two reasons: either your body is not producing enough insulin or your cells Not responding to the insulin being produced. Insulin is a hormone that regulates the metabolism of carbohydrate and fat in your body. Metabolism means that through the process in which the body digest food so that the body can get energy and it can grow.
The food we eat that goes into the stomach and turns into energy which is called glucose. Now it is possible to reach this energy / glucose within millions of cells present in our body, and this is possible only when our pancreas (pancreas) produces insulin in sufficient quantity. Can not enter glucose cells without insulin. And then our cells burn the glucose and give energy to the body. When this process is not done normally, the person suffers from diabetes.
In normal healthy person, the level of glucose in the blood remains 70 to 100 mg./dl before eating. After eating this level becomes 120-140 mg / dl and then gradually decreases. After diabetes, this level does not become normal and in excess of 500 cases it goes upto 500 mg / dl
Type of diabetes:
Type 1 diabetes : This happens when your body stops making insulin. In such cases, the patient has to give insulin outside. It is also called insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, IDDM
Type 2 diabetes : This happens when your cells do not react to insulin being produced. It is also called non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, NIDDM
Gestational diabetes : This happens to women who are pregnant and have never been diabetic before. During pregnancy, blood glucose levels may be due to excessive requirement. have never had diabetes before, have a high blood glucose level during pregnancy. It may precede development of type 2 DM.
Some facts related to diabetes:
Type 2 diabetes sufferers die 5-10 years before healthy people.
Type 2 Diabetes is the most common form of Diabetes.
Diabetes can happen to people of any age group, even children.
In India, due to non-cure, nearly 27,000 children die due to diabetes every year.
1 out of 5 people in India are affected by diabetes.
If it is not controlled, it can result in heart attack, blindness, stroke, or kidney failure.
By increasing healthy eating and physical activity, type 2 diabetes can be prevented by up to 80%.
This is a genetic disease. That is, if you are having any of these diseases in the family, then you too may be.
What to do when you are diabetes:
Regularly check blood sugar.
Avoiding is very important, carelessness can be later fatal. Later on avoiding blindness, amputation or dialysis would be easier to avoid.
Do not take medicines lightly, and make sure to claim the doctor’s time.
Eat healthy and stay active. By exercising this can be controlled to a great extent.
If possible, choose a partner like you to eat food, it will be easy to control your tongue.
Lose enough amounts.
Take a walk in the morning or evening.
More thirsty or hungry
Sudden loss of weight
Feeling of constant weakness and fatigue
Glance of things
Skin infection and itching
Avoid what food and drinks in diabetes:
Smoking, sugar, dessert, glucose, jam, jar, ice cream, cake, pastry, sweet biscuits, chocolate, soft drinks, thick milk, cream, fried food, butter, ghee, and hydrogenated vegetable oil, white flour, junk food, Cookies, canned and preserved foods, etc.
Reduce intake of food items in diabetes:
Salt, meat, fish, egg, alcohol, tea, coffee, honey, coconut, other nut, unsweetened juices, sea food, etc.
What foods and diets should be consumed in diabetes :
Drink plenty of water, grapes, pomegranate juice, Indian blackberry, banana, apple, fig, black berry, kiwi fruit, citrus, fruit, cucumber, lettuce leaf, onion, garlic, radish, tomatoes, carrots, leaves, spinach turnips, cabbage And colorful vegetables, sugar free juice, raw banana, raw peanuts, tomatoes, bananas, melons, dried peas, potato, apple cider vinegar, skimmed milk powders, wheat, porridge, almonds, peas, grains, chickpeas, Bengal gram, black Gram, lentils, corn, soya sprouts and legumes , Bread, wheat husk, whole grain bread, whey, curd, etc.